Christmas Tour is always unique than any other wandering throughout the year. It’s special in the sense of a merry travel for your pilgrim soul. Along with the religious people every one wants to be a part of the festival around the Shrine of God. So Cathedrals and Churches become the centre point of attraction in this time. There are many types of Cathedrals you can see around Europe. Such as Byzantine, Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance etc. Here is the best choice of European Cathedrals and Churches to make your Christmas really Big and Sacred this year.
1.Notre Dame in Paris, France
In French, Notre Dame Means ‘’Our Lady’’ is a best example of French Gothic architecture constructed from 1163 to 1345. This is one of the first buildings in the world where arched exterior supports called flying buttress are used. But they were not in the primary design. When the work was in progress and the thinner walls of popular Gothic style grew higher, needed support from outside, which leads the Cathedral to its present form.
2.Sagrada Familia in Barcelona, Spain
Can you imagine a Church not even complete but included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site, Yes, Sagrada Familia is such an amazing one, designed by Catalan architect Antoni Gaudi. The construction started in 1882, but at the time of Gaudi’s death in 1926 a quarter of the project was not complete. In 2010 it passed the mid-point and supposed to be completed in 2026 the centennial of the designer’s death. After completion, it will surely become the tallest church building in the world.
3.Santa Maria Del Fiore in Florence, Italy
Santa Maria del Fiore is the main church of Florence, constructed as a basilica within 1296 to 1436. Filippo Brunelleschi, a renowned architect-engineer from Italian Renaissance planned it but did not produce any complete documents to maintain control over the builders. It results an amazing Latin cross in shape. The proportion of the building and the large dome is spectacular.
4.Hagia Sophia Cathedral in Istanbul, Turkey
This is one of the greatest existing examples of Byzantine architecture which was built as an Orthodox patriarchal basilica but converted into a mosque later and now stands as a museum with a long and complex history. Since 1985 Hagia Sophia has been a UNESCO world Heritage site.
5.Cologne Cathedral in Cologne, Germany
The tallest Cathedral of Europe today, was the tallest of the world during 1880 to 1884. It has been a UNESCO world Heritage site since 1996. But included in the list of ‘’World Heritage in Danger’’ in 2004. In the time of 2nd world war the Cathedral faced several attacks and the renovations are not completed yet.
6.Santiago de Compostela Cathedral in Galicia, Spain
Since the Middle Ages the Cathedral is included among the major pilgrimage because it is the famous Burial-Place of Saint James the Greater, one of the apostles of Jesus Christ. The mixture of Romanesque, Baroque, and Gothic architecture is built between 1075 and 1211.
7.Saint Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow, Russia
The Russian Orthodox Church converted into a museum was built within 1555 to1561 on the Red Square of Moscow and shaped as a flame of fire. The building, unlike any Russian architecture, is officially known as the Cathedral of the Intercession of the Most Holy Theotokos on the Moat. It has been a UNSCO World Heritage Site since 1990.
8.Seville Cathedral in Seville, Spain
The ‘Cathedral of Saint Mary of the See’ or the Seville Cathedral is the third largest church in the world, built between 1401 and 1528. The enormous construction with more than 1000 figures covered with gold leaf portrays the life of Jesus. The tomb of Christopher Columbus is a main tourist attraction of this Cathedral.
9.Westminster Abbey in London, England
Westminster Abbey, formerly titled ‘Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster’ a great Gothic Church, is among the most famous icons of London. For English, it is a traditional place of coronation and Burial site. Today the building is neither an abbey nor a Church, but it still holds the status of a Church of England ‘Royal Peculiar’.
10.St Mark’s Basilica in Venice, Italy
The most famous Church of Venice is the best example of Italian-Byzantine architecture. It is a Patriarchal Cathedral Basilica of Saint Mark commonly known as Saint Mark’s Basilica. For its affluent design, gold ground mosaics and its status made it a symbol of Venetian wealth and power.